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Psycholinguistics: Meyer and Schvaneveldt 1971
Meyer.zip
Meyer Zhang PPT
Meyer, D.E., & Schvaneveldt, R.W. (1971). Facilitation in recognizing pairs of words: Evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 90, 227-234. (doc)
 
Participants were given two strings of letters, which could each be a word or a nonword. They were faster to say that both were words when the words were related to each other.
Glushko 1979, Rumelhart and McClelland 1982
Bousfield, W.A., Cohen, B.H., Whitmarsh, G.A., & Kincaid, W.D. The Connecticut free associational norms. (Tech. Rep. No. 35) Storrs, CN: University of Connecticut, 1961.

Collins, A.M.,& Quillian, M.R. Retrieval time from semantic memory. Jorunal of Verbal Learning and verbal Behavior, 1969, 8, 240-247.

Collins, A.M., & Quillian, M.R. Facillitationg retrieval from semantic memory: The effect of repeating part of an intference. In A.F. Sanders (Ed.), Attention and performance III. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1970.

Kucera, H., & Francis, W.N. Computational analysis of present-day American English. Providence, RI: Brown University Press, 1967.

Landauer, T.K., & Freedman, J.I. Information retrieval from long-term memory: category size and recognition time. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1968, 7, 291-295.

McCormick, E.M. Digital computer primer. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959.

Meyer, D.E. On the representation and retrieval of stored semantic information. Cognitive Psychology, 1970, 1, 242-300.

Meyer, D.E. Dual memory-search of related and unrelated semantic categories. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, New York, April 1971.

Meyer, D.E., & Ellis, G.B. Parallel processes in word recognition. Paper presented at the meeting of the Psychonomic Society, San Antonio, November 1970.

Norman, D.A. Comments on the information structure of memroy. In A.F. Sanders (Ed.), Attention and performance III. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1970.

Oldfield, R.C. Things, words, and the brain. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1966, 18, 340-353.

Rubenstein, H. Garfield, L., & Millikan, J.A. Homographic entries in the internal lexicon. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1970, 9, 487-494.

Schaeffer, B., & Wallace, R. Semantic similarity and the comparison of word meanings. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1969, 82, 343-346.

Shiffrin, R.M., & Atkinson, R.C. Storage and retrieval processes in long-term memory. Psychological Review, 1969, 76, 179-193.

Swanson, J.M., & Wickens, D.D. Preprocessing on the basis of frequency of occurrence. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1970, 22, 378-383.

Sternberg, S. Memory scanning: Mental processes revealed by reaction-time experiments. American Scientist, 1969, 57, 421-457.

Warren, R.E. Stimulus encoding and memory. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Oregon, 1970.

Winer, B.J. Statistical principles in experimental design. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1962.

{Cited By}
Two experiments are reported in which Ss were presented two strings of letters simultaneously, with one string displayed visually above the other. In Exp. 1, Ss responded "yes" if both strings were words, otherwise responding "no." In Exp. II, Ss responded "same" if the two strings were either both words or both nonwords, otherwise responding "different." "Yes" responses and "same" responses were faster for pairs of commonly associated words than for pairs of unassociated words. "Same" responses were slowest for pairs of nonwords. "No" responses were faster when the top string in the display was a nonword, whereas "different" responses were faster when the top string was a word. The results of both experiments support a retrieval model involving a dependence between separate successive decisions about whether each of the two strings is a word. Possible mechanisms that underlie this dependence are discussed.
{Works Cited}
{Data Instructions}
 

12-Mar-2002

Brian MacWhinney