|Attention: Yantis 1993|
Sample Data Files
|Citation||Yantis, Steven. Stimulus-Driven Attentional Capture and Attentional Control Settings. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 1993, Vol. 19, No. 3, 676-681. (PDF)|
|Summary of Experiment||This experiment
compares different kinds of singletons in a display (i.e. one red letter
in a set of green letters) to determine whether any of them capture attention
differently. The author found that onset singletons (items that appear suddenly)
capture attention, but that other types of singleton (color or brightness)
do not. Note that this is only the case if participants have been informed
that the singletons that will appear are irrelevant to the task they are
In this experiment, participants see displays of different kinds, where letters are constructed from a set of 7 line segments (like an LCD screen number 8). In the color and brightness conditions, the singleton is of a different color than the other stimuli. In the onset condition, the non-singleton stimuli are revealed by removing pieces of figure 8s that were presented as cues. The singleton appears at the same time that the line segments are removed from the other stimuli.
|Related Studies in this Corpus||Treisman and Gelade 1980, Johnston and Schwarting 1996|
|Works this Study Cites||Duncan, J. (1985). Visual search and visual attention. In M. Posner & O. Marin (Eds.), Attention and performance XI (pp. 85-106). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Folk, C.L. (1990, March). Spatial discontinuities and involuntary shifts of spatial attention. Paper presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston.
Folk, C.L., Remington, R., & Johnston, J.C. (1992). Involuntary covert orienting is contingent on attentional control settings. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 18, 1030-1044.
Folk, C.L., & Wright, J.H. (1992, April). Does apparent motion capture attention? Paper presented at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston.
Hillstrom, A.P., & Yantis, S. (1992, April). Attentional capture by visual motion. Paper presented at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston.
Johnston, W.A., Hawley, K.J., Plewe, S.H., Elliott, H.M.G., & DeWitt, M.J. (1990). Attention capture by novel stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 119, 397-411.
Jonides, J. (1981). Voluntary versus automatic control over the minds eyes movement. In J.B. Long & A.D. Baddeley (Eds.), Attention and performance IX (pp. 187-203). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Jonides, J., & Yantis, S. (1988). Uniqueness of abrupt visual onset in capturing attention. Perception & Psychophysics, 43, 346-354.
Kahneman, D., Treisman, A., & Gibb, B. (1992). The reviewing of object files: Object-specific integration of information. Cognitive Psychology, 24, 175-219.
Lambert, A., Spencer, E., & Mohindra, N. (1987). Automaticity and the capture of attention by a peripheral display change. Current Psychological Research and Reviews, 6, 136-147.
Martin, D.W., & Benson, A.E. (1991). Is there a color advantage in visual search? Paper presented at the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, San Francisco.
Pashler, H. (1988). Cross-dimensional interaction and texture segregation. Perception & Psychophysics, 50, 184-193.
Posner, M.I. (1980). Orienting of attention. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 32, 3-25.
Theeuwes, J. (1991a). Cross-dimensional perceptual selectivity. Perception & Psychophysics, 50, 184-193.
Theeuwes, J. (1991b). Exogenous and endogenous control of attention: The effect of visual onsets and offsets. Perception & Psychophysics, 49, 83-90.
Theeuwes, J. (1992). Perceptual selectivity for color and form. Perception & Psychophysics, 51, 599-606.
Yantis, S. (in press). Stimulus-driven attentional capture. Current Direction in Psychological Science.
Yantis, S., & Hillstrom, A.P. (in press). Stimulus-driven attentional capture: Evidence from equiluminant visual objects. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.
Yantis, S., & Jonides, J. (1984). Abrupt visual onsets and selective attention: Evidence from visual search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 10, 601-621.
Yantis, S., & Jonides, J. (1990). Abrupt visual onsets and selective attention: Voluntary versus automatic allocation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 16, 121-134.
|Works in Set that Cite this Study||Johnston and Schwarting 1996, Kramer and Hahn 1995|
|Study Abstract||Jonides and Yantis (1988) found that abrupt-onset singletons capture attention in visual search when onset is orthogonal to the targets defining and reported attributes and that color and brightness singletons do not. They concluded that abrupt onset may be unique in capturing visual attention. Folk, Remington, and Johnston (1992) challenge this conclusion and argue that (a) the occurrence of attentional capture is contingent on the adoption of an appropriate attentional control setting by the observer and (b) properties other than onset (in particular, color) can capture attention involuntarily. In this article, each of these claims is critically evaluated, and it is argued that the results reported by Folk et al., though important, do not definitively corroborate either one. The available evidence concerning stimulus-driven attentional capture is summarized, and 3 empirical generalizations that characterize the evidence are advanced.|
|Works Cited for Experment||Yantis 1993, Jonides & Yantis 1988|
|Data Analysis Instructions|
|Contact for More Information||Brian MacWhinney|