Alphabetical List | Categorical List
Developmental Psychology: MacWhinney, Feldman, Sacco, and Valdés-Pérez 2000
MacWhinney, B., Feldman, H., Sacco, K., & Valdés-Pérez, R. (2000). Online measures of basic language skills in children with early focal brain lesions. Brain and Language,71, 400-431.(PDF)
This experiment replicates the seven online measures that were given to children in the MacWhinney et al. study. These are very simple experiments, adapted directly from the original PsyScope experiments used to test the children in the original study.
Aram, D., Ekelman, B., & Whitaker, H. 1986. Spoken syntax in children with acquired unilateral hemisphere lesions. Brain and Language, 27, 75–100.

Aram, D.M., & Eisele, J. A. 1994. Intellectual stability in children with unilateral brain lesions. Neuropsychologia, 32, 85–95.

Aram, D. M., & Ekelman, B. L. 1987. Unilateral brain lesions in childhood: Performance on the Revised Token Test. Brain and Language, 32(1), 137–158.

Aram, D. M., & Ekelman, B. L. 1988. Scholastic aptitude and achievement among children with unilateral brain lesions. Neuropsychologia, 26(6), 903–916.

Aram, D. M., Gillespie, L. L., & Yamashita, T. S. 1990a. Reading among children with left and right brain lesions. Developmental Neuropsychology, 6(4), 301–317.

Aram, D. M., Meyers, S. C., & Ekelman, B. L. 1990b. Fluency of conversational speech in children with unilateral brain lesions. Brain and Language, 38(1), 105–121.

Banker, B., & Larrouche, J. 1962. Periventricular leukomalacia of infancy. Archives of Neurology, 32–57.

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Barnes, M. A., & Dennis, M. 1992. Reading in children and adolescents after early onset hydrocephalus and in normally developing age peers: Phonological analysis, word recognition, word comprehension, and passage comprehension skill. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 17(4), 445–465.

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Bishop, D. V. M. 1983. Linguistic impairment after left hemidecortication for infantile hemiplegia? A reappraisal. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 35, 199–207.

Booth, J. R., MacWhinney, B., & Harasaki, Y. in press. Children’s reading and listening comprehension of complex sentences. Child Development.

Booth, J. R., MacWhinney, B., Thulborn, K. R., Sacco, K., Voyvodic, J., & Feldman, H. 1999. Functional organization of activation patterns in children: Whole brain fMRI imaging during three different cognitive tasks. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology and Biological Psychology, 23, 669–682.

Cohen, J., MacWhinney, B., Flatt, M., & Provost, J. 1993. PsyScope: An interactive graphical system for designing and controlling experiments in the Psychology laboratory using Macintosh computers. Behavior Research Methods, Instrumentation, and Computers, 25, 257–271.

Dennis, M., & Barnes, M. A. 1993. Oral discourse after early-onset hydrocephalus: Linguistic ambiguity, figurative language, speech acts, and script-based inferences. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 18(5), 639–652.

Dennis, M., & Kohn, B. 1985. The Active-Passive Test: An age-referenced clinical test of syntactic discrimination. Developmental Neuropsychology, 1(2), 113–137.

Dennis, M., & Whitaker, H. 1976. Linguistic superiority of the left over the right hemisphere. Brain and Language, 3, 404–433.

Dunn, L., & Dunn, L. 1981. Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised. Circle Pines, MN: Am. Guidance Service.

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Kail, R. 1988. Developmental functions for speeds of cognitive processes. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 45, 339–364.

Kail, R. 1991. Processing time declines exponentially during childhood and adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 27, 259–268.

Kail, R. 1992. Processing speed, speech rate, and memory. Developmental Psychology, 28, 899–904.

Keefe, K., Feldman, H., & Holland, A. 1989. Lexical learning and language abilities in preschoolers with perinatal brain damage. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 54, 395–402.

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Kinsbourne, M., & Hiscock, M. 1983. The normal and deviant development of functional lateralization of the brain. In P. Mussen, M. Haith, & J. Campos (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology. New York: Wiley.

Leiter, R. G. 1979. Leiter International Performance Scale. Chicago: Stoelting.

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Levine, S. C., Huttenlocher, P., Banich, M. T., & Duda, E. 1987. Factors affecting cognitive functioning of hemiplegic children. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 29, 27–35.

MacWhinney, B. 1996a. Language specific prediction in foreign language acquisition. Language Testing, 12, 292–320.

MacWhinney, B. 1996b. Rethinking the logical problem of language acquisition. Journal of Child Language, 33.

MacWhinney, B. 1997. Second language acquisition and the Competition Model. In J. Kroll & A. De Groot (Eds.), Tutorials in bilingualism. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Marchman, V. A., Miller, R., & Bates, E. 1991. Babble and first words in children with focal brain injury. Applied Psycholinguistics, 12, 1–22.

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{Cited By}
Twenty children with early focal lesions were compared with 150 age-matched control subjects on 11 online measures of the basic skills underlying language processing, a digit span task, and 6 standardized measures. Although most of the children with brain injury scored within the normal range on the majority of the tasks, they also had a disproportionately high number of outlier scores on the reaction time tests. This evidence for a moderate impairment f the basic skills underlying language processing contrasts with other evidence suggesting that these children acquire normal control of the functional use of language. Furthermore, these children scored within the normal range on a measure of general cognitive ability, suggesting that there is no particular sparing of linguistic functions at the expense of general cognitive functions. Using the MPD procedure (Valdés-Pérez & Pericliev, 1997), we found that the controls and the five clinical groups could be best distinguished with two measures of online processing (word repetition and visual number naming) and one standardized test subcomponent (the CELF Oral Directions subtest). The 12 children with left hemisphere lesions scored significantly lower than the 8 other children on the CELF-RS measure. Within the group of children with cerebral infarct, the nature of the processing disability could be linked fairly well to site of lesion. Otherwise, there was littel relation between site or size of lesion and the pattern of deficit. These results support a model in which damage to the complex functional circuits subserving language leads to only minor deficits in process efficiency, because of the plasticity of developmental processes.
{Works Cited}
{Data Instructions}


Brian MacWhinney