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Memory: Peterson and Peterson 1959
Peterson, L.R., & Peterson, M.J. (1959). Short-term retention of individiual verbal items. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 58, 193-198. (pdf)
Subjects are presented with a series of syllables and then a three-digit number and are asked to count backwards from the number then recall the syllables.
Brown 1958, Sperling 1960, Waugh and Norman 1965
Brown, J. Some tests of the decay theory of immediate memory. Quart. J. exp. Psychol., 1958, 10, 12-21.

Estes, W.K. Toward a statistical theory of learning. Psychol. Rev., 1950, 57, 94-102.

Estes, W.K. Statistical theory of spontaneous recovery and regression. Psychol Rev., 1955, 62, 145-154.

Hilgard, E.R. Mehtods and procedures in the study of learning. In S.S. Stevens (Ed.), Handbook of experimental psychology. New York: Wiley, 1951.

Hull, C.L., Hovland, C.I., Ross, R.T., Hall, M., Perkins, D.T., & Fitch, F.B. Mathematico-deductive theory of rote learning: A study in scientific methodology. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1940.

Hull, C.L. A behavior system. New Haven: Yale Univer. Press, 1952.

Pillsbury, W.B., & Sylvester, A. Retroactive and proactive inhibition in immediate memory. J. exp. Psychol., 1940, 27, 532-545.

Underwood, B.J. Experimental psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1949.

Underwood, B.J. Interference and forgetting. Psychol. Rev., 1957, 64, 49-60.

Walker, H., & Lev, J. Statistical inference. New York: Holt, 1953.

Wicoxon, F. Some rapid approximate statistical procedures. New York: Amer. Cyanamid Co., 1949.

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Brian MacWhinney